Alves sustained the injury in the 80th minute during PSG's Coupe de France victory over Les Herbiers.
"Close examinations confirmed the initial diagnosis of an anterior cruciate ligament injury, requiring surgical treatment", a statement read on the Brazil Football Federation website on Friday. The doctor of the Brazilian national team Rodrigo Lasmar according to Globo Esporte has reportedly ruled out the ex-Juventus star for the trip to Russia.
"The technical team of the Brazilian national team feels for the event and wishes Daniel Alves a prompt recovery so that his technique, commitment and leadership are back at the service of the national team as soon as possible".
He returned to Paris this week to complete the final stages of his rehabilitation.
SAO PAULO (AP) - Brazil right back Dani Alves will miss the World Cup, leaving the five-time champions without one of their main leaders.
Lastly, of the three hopefuls vying for the second of just two vacancies, Rafinha has played slightly more than Danilo at 115 minutes or 6.4% of total game time across two friendlies - as a substitute against Argentina and a starter against Australia - but has relinquished his once guaranteed first-team status to the formidable rise of Joshua Kimmich at Bayern Munich, where he has been for seven Bundesliga campaigns.
Brazil will announce its squad on Monday in Rio de Janeiro. He has won the Copa America and has twice won the Confederations Cup.